Covenants

If you've been around Christians, you've probably heard of the idea of having a personal relationship with God, which could mean different things in the Bible like having God as a friend or your father, or maybe your teacher, but there's, one particular way that the Bible talks about this relationship that you find all over. But strangely, we don't talk about it that much and that's the idea of a partnership with God, a partnership like working alongside someone to accomplish a goal together, right? And.

This is actually what you see at the beginning of the Bible God creates this good world, full of all of this potential and then God appoints, these unique creatures, humans as his partners in bringing more and more goodness out of all that potential. But the humans don't want a partner with God, they rebel and try to create a world on their own terms. And so this broken partnership is the Bible's explanation for why we're stuck in a world of corruption and injustice and the tragedy of death it's, not. Like there's, just one or two humans who have bailed on this relationship. And the story of the Bible, everyone has abandoned the partnership with God. So what God does is select a smaller group of people out of the many, and he makes a new partnership with them called a covenant.

And in the covenant God makes promises. And then in exchange asks his partner to fulfill certain commitments. And the purpose of all of this is to somehow use this covenant relationship to renew his partnership with everybody.

Else now there are actually four times in the Old Testament that were told God initiates a covenant relationship with Noah Abraham, the nation of Israel and King David, and it's through these that God is forming a covenant family into which all people will eventually be invited. So let's see how these work. The first one is with Noah. So in this story God has just brought the flood to cleanse the world of humanity's corruption and Noah. And his family are the only ones left. And so God makes a covenant. With Noah saying, listen, I know that humans will continue to be evil.

But despite that I'm not going to destroy it like this again, instead the earth will be this reliable place for us to work together. Great. So what does not have to do nothing and that's what's? So interesting about this first covenant is that God is promising to be faithful. Even though he knows humans be the next time we see God make a covenant is with a man named Ibrahim God chooses him promises to bless him.

Give him a large family. Lots of land where they can flourish. And in return God asks Abraham to trust him and train up his family to do what is right and just. And the whole reason for this covenant is God says that somehow he's going to bring his blessing to all families of the world through this one family. So that's Abraham. The next time we see God make a covenant is when Abraham's family grows into the tribe of Israel. And this covenant is with the entire tribe, God asks them to obey a set of laws, which are these.

Guidelines for living well as a community of God's partners. And if they do this, then God promises to bless them and that they will become a people who then represent him to the rest of humanity, that's the covenant with Israel. The last covenant is with King David. Yeah. The tribe of Israel has become this large nation ruled by David and God asked David and his descendants to partner with him by leading Israel in obeying the laws and doing what is right in just and God promises that one day, one of. David's sons will come and extend God's kingdom of peace and blessing over all the nations. So those are the four covenants that God makes in order to restore his partnership with the whole world.

But here's, what happens Israel breaks the Covenant. They worship other gods. They allow horrible injustice. And so they lose their land and are forced off into exile. So it seems hopeless. But during this time Israel's, prophets talked about a day when God would restore these covenants in spite of Israel's. Failure, somehow, yeah, they called it the new covenant.

And this is actually what's. So interesting about Jesus is that he's introduced into this story as the one who fulfills all of these covenant relationships, we're told that he's from the family of Abraham. And so he will bring the blessings of that family to the entire world we're told that he's the faithful Israelite who was able to truly obey the law, and we're told that he's the king from the line of David. And so he goes about extending God's. Kingdom of justice and peace to all that's, really remarkable one guy, yeah. And what a highlight are perhaps the most surprising claim of all made about this man that Jesus is no mere human, but rather God become and God did this in order to be that, faithful covenant partner that we are all made to be, but a fail to be.

And so through Jesus God has opened up a way for anyone to be in the renewed partnership with him. So Jesus calls people to follow him and become part of this new covenant family and. Despite their failures Jesus is committed to making them into partners who were becoming more and more faithful. The story of the Bible ends with a vision of a fully renewed world full of goodness and peace and there's.

This renewed humanity, they're partnering together with God to expand the goodness of his creation. And so the end of the Bible story is really a new beginning. Hey, this is Tim. And this is John. We think one of the best ways to understand the Bible is to take its course themes and. Trace them all the way from the beginning through to the end.

We also take individual books of the Bible and explore their themes and structure. We are a non-profit, and we're always raising money for the next video. And you could be a part of helping us do that. You might not know that Tim is a pastor here in Portland at door of Hope, Church and he's got some perfect sermons. You could find him at Tim Mackay com. Furthermore, you can download high-resolution versions of all these videos. Furthermore, you can get study guides.

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